Implikatur dalam Tuturan Jual Beli Pedagang Kaki Lima di Malioboro
Keywords:street vendors, buying and selling, speech, implicature
This research is motivated by the existence of buying and selling transactions carried out by traders and buyers, it is possible that there will be a lot of speech acts either directly or indirectly, especially when traders and buyers are bargainings to reach a price agreement. Thus the problem can be formulated as follows: (1) What are the implications in the sales and purchase of street vendors in Malioboro? and (2) What is the implied pragmatic function in the speech of the street vendors selling and buying in Malioboro?
This research is a qualitative descriptive study because it is used to explain data in the form of deixis and implicature. The approach applied in this research is an objective approach. Sources of research data are conversations between sellers and buyers in Malioboro with research data in the form of contexts, phrases, and sentences which are manifested in the buying and selling conversation of street vendors in Malioboro. The technique used in power collection is the recording technique. Furthermore, the collected data were analyzed using the equivalent method.
Based on the data analysis, the research results can be stated: (1) The manifestations of the implications in the sales and purchase of street vendors in Malioboro include: 1) expressive implicatures; 2) Representative implicature; 3) Commissive implicature; and 4) directive implicature; (2) The implicature pragmatic functions contained in the speech of the street vendors selling and buying in Malioboro include: 1) expressive implicature functions of praising, thanking, asking, criticizing, complaining; 2) representative implicature functions to state, report, show, mention; 3) the commissive implicature functions to promise, swear, threaten, reject; and 4) directive implicature functions to instruct, beg, suggest, command, challenge.
Starting from the results of the research, it is suggested that other researchers who are interested in the same field need to conduct research on speech acts performed in environments other than street vendors in Malioboro who are the research subjects. This is used as a reference to differentiate the speech acts performed by traders and buyers at street vendors in Malioboro and the surrounding environment.